2199 is a performative virtual reality installation, questioning the notion of authority, perception and control. Three users wear virtual reality... Read More
2199 is a
performative virtual reality installation, questioning the notion of
authority, perception and control. Three users wear virtual reality
helmets and are seated on platforms that can rotate. Together, they are
committed to a choreography by a voice giving them orders.
User finds himself in a minimal virtual world, abstract but rather
faithful to the spatial physical reality around him. Thus, the platforms
and chairs are appearing in both virtual and physical realms and are
positioned accordingly. Users head rotations are also transcribed in the
virtual world in real time
At this point, the experience begins with a voice welcoming the user
and giving him orders. He is not explicitly forced to follow the orders
of this voice, but the context conditions him to do so. The voice
invites him to look at some precise points in the virtual world
containing textual instructions, which launch physical rotations of the
platform and its chair. The user control its own movement within the
range of what we allow him to do.
Together with the others two participants, he is committed to a
choreography. Without being made aware of, the user becomes an actor of
the artwork, giving it life and assuming the potential responsibility
for its success or interpretation.
At every moment, he gets a glimpse of what the others are doing
through the virtual reality. Does the fact of being part of a group
reinforce the feeling of obedience and therefore creates a cohesive
choreography? When does the user become conscious of this trickery ?
The experiment stops by bringing all the users back into the initial
position and causing them to take off the VR headset. The experience is
usually followed by a discussion with “the performers” explaining the
means and inviting them to watch the next choreography that will be
performed by the following visitors.
The work then takes all its meaning with this double reading and this
confrontation between what happens simultaneously in the real
environment and in the virtual one.
2199 is a reference to the year people are supposed to live in the
movie Matrix, which is itself inspired by the book Neuromancer written
by William Gibson. In this book, virtual reality has become impossible
to differentiate from the reality, therefore used to force people into
It can also be seen as freely inspired by the experiences of control
and submission to the authority conducted in the sixties, such as the
experience of Milgram. In the context of an artistic experience too,
there is a moral acceptance of the protocol put in place. In a group,
members will tend to seek peer approval and to conform to their
behavior. Visitors will be very influenced to what other visitors will
have done before them.
In this artistic experiment, we use these principles and try to see
how far visitors can be pushed by orders that become more and more
absurd as the experience unfolds. This experience also allows to account
the degree of immersion that each person can access. This degree varies
greatly depending on the individual. For instance, some person managed
to ignore the environment in which they are initially and all that
arises, such as fear of looking ridiculous or the sensation of being
2199 is an unprecedented experience which constitutes a reflection
and a critique of our vulnerability using such technologies, especially
virtual reality, which is today victim of its success and is too often
used without reflections.