The problem of melting ice sheets in Antarctica and the Arctic is of increasing concern to scientists. These changes concern... Read More
The problem of melting ice sheets in Antarctica and the Arctic is of increasing concern to scientists. These changes concern geological transformations, changes in flora and fauna, sea level rise and its consequences, as well as a number of factors of a medical nature and human health.
1. The melting of ice will lead to an increase in the water level of the World Ocean by almost 60 meters. The coastlines will shift, and the current coastal zone of all continents will be under water. Thus, northern cities such as St. Petersburg in Russia, Tallinn in Estonia, Riga in Latvia, as well as a number of European cities - Venice, London, Amsterdam and Stockholm will be completely flooded. In North America, dozens of cities in the east and west of the mainland will disappear, including New York, Washington and Los Angeles.
2. The most dangerous forecasts include a sharp increase in the number of natural disasters. Hurricanes, tsunamis and floods will hit all territories of the planet. The most severe shortage of fresh water can also be attributed to these disasters. The same goes for food: dramatic climatic changes will lead to droughts and flooding, wiping out a lot of agricultural land from the face of the Earth.
3. Another problem is that the increased supply of fresh water to the World Ocean will affect the movement and direction of the main ocean currents. It is these currents that provide the current climatic conditions in most regions. How exactly their change will affect the climate, it is even difficult to imagine!
4.Global climate change caused by the melting of glaciers will lead to numerous epidemics. Already today, because of them, more than 150 thousand people die every year. A number of diseases common in Africa and Central Asia will soon "move" to other continents.